Friday, July 12, 2013

Drones Above California? Stop and Frisk Across the Country? What the Shake Up at DHS Could Mean for the Nation

From:  AlterNet

 By Kristen Gwynne

Will the nation's largest public university system be militarized? And will stop and frisk be nationalized? The disturbing possibilities.
U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano has announced that she's headed to California, where she'll be the president of the University of California school system. Twitter is already aflame with jabs mocking the move, as users wonder, for example, how DHS will further militarize a school system already known for pepper spraying peaceful protesters at a sit-in. Might she carry on her support for immigration reform to erect a militarized border around UC campuses? How about launching a tank-and-gun fueled drug war against stoned UC students? She might as well, given that she publically stated the US-backed war on cartels in Mexico that left 70,000 dead in six years is " not a failure," but rather, "a continuing effort to keep our peoples from becoming addicted to dangerous drugs." Or, most terrifyingly, perhaps she'll scatter some drones above schools in the state, where she said they "could be utilized to give us situational awareness in a large public safety [matter] or disaster." 
Ultimately, how Napolitano will use her DHS skills to run the UC schools is something we'll just have to wait to see. But the more pressing question may very well be who will take over after she departs.
Some disturbing speculating has spotlighted two potential candidates: NYPD Commisioner Ray Kelly and law enforcement veteran/"Broken Windows" theorist Bill Bratton. As Mike Riggs pointed out on Twitter, the idea of giving the man in charge of stop-and-frisk power over the TSA does not sound particularly pleasant. Ray Kelly has vocally -- and, of course, routinely -- defended and enforced the NYPD's skyrocketing stop-and-frisk tactic, which has come under fire as extreme racial profiling, not to mention harassment of young, Black and Latino men in New York. The class-action lawsuit arguing that the policy is unconstitutional will likely be decided later this summer. 
Bill Bratton, interestingly, is one of the most influential advocates of the "Broken Windows" theory of law enforcement that has guided the NYPD's exponential use of stop-and-frisk, as well the department's hotly controversial notion that targeting low-level street crimes, like trespassing and graffiti, will deter more serious or violent crimes. Bratton brought Broken Windows and "zero tolerance" policing to the New York City Transit Police in 1990, jumpstarting the city's use of aggressive responses to non-threatening -- or non-existing, as is usually the case in stop-and-frisk -- crimes.
So, how might putting one of these two men, both of whom assert that "pro-active" policing requires using stereotypes to interfere with crime before it happens, affect the Department of Homeland Security? If they are indeed being seriously considered for the position, only time will tell how an NYPD-style DHS will affect America, but the implications for civil liberties do not look good. 

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